Category

Titanium

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 2 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 10.64 covalent radius/A: 1.32

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d2 s2 ion radius/A: 0.605 oxidation state: 4

Discovery

1791 by Rev w., Gregor (Britain, Cornwall) found that, in 1795, M.H. Klaproth (Germany, Berlin) also found the elements.

Source

Usually in mineral titanium iron ore (ilmenite, FeTiO3) or rutile (rutile, TiO2) exist in nature, also with titanium magnetite, sphene and iron

Element USES

High strength, acid and used in the manufacture of alloy, titanium dioxide for paints, rubber and paper pigment, also used as a lightweight materials manufacturing.

physical property

State: pure titanium for a shiny white metal, intensity is twice as much as the steel, than just light 45%, 60% heavier than aluminum. Melting point (℃) : 1660 ° boiling point (℃) : 3287 density (g/cc, 300 K) : better than hot/J/gK: 0.52 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 421 melting hot/KJ/mol: 15.45

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.0234 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.219

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 50

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 1.12 x 105 sea/P.P.M. : 4.8 x 10-4

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 5600

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 1.2-4.7

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 0.9-2.2

Blood/mg dm-3:0.054 days intake/mg: 0.8

Bone/P.P.M. : people (70 Kg) are total body/mg: 20

Detailed information

Titanium/Ti