Category

Nickel

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 1.62 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 6.59 covalent radius/A: 1.15

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d8 s2 ion radius/A: 0.69 oxidation state: 2, 3

Discovery

In 1751, the A.F. Cronstedt (Stockholm, Sweden) found.

Source

Mainly nickel pyrite {pentlandite [(Ni, Fe) and S8]} exist in nature.

Element USES

With excellent corrosion resistance, used in electroplating, nickel cadmium battery, also used as catalyst.

physical property

State: white transition metal. Melting point (℃) : 1453 boiling point (℃) : 2732 density (g/cc, 300 K) : 8.9

Than hot/J/gK: 0.44 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 370.4 melting hot/KJ/mol: 17.47

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.143 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.907

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 80 000

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 1.91 x 106 sea/P.P.M.

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : c. 80 Atlantic ocean surface: 1 x 10-4 Pacific surface: 1 x 10-4

Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : the Atlantic ocean depths: 4.0 x 10-6 deep in the Pacific: 5.7 x 10-4

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 0.02-1.8

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 1-2

Blood/mg dm-3:0.01-0.05 days intake/mg: 0.3-0.5

Bone/P.P.M. : < 0.7 (70 Kg) are total body/mg: 15

Detailed information

Nickel/Ni