Category

Gadolinium

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 2.54
Atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 19.9
Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d10 s2p6d10f7 5 s2p6d1 6 s2
Ion radius/A: 0.938
Covalent radius/A: 1.61 oxidation state: 3

Discovery

1880 by J.C. Galissard DE Marignac (Geneva, Switzerland city) found.

Source

And other rare earth elements coexist in the silicon beryllium ore y.

Element USES

Room temperature has the very strong magnetic.

physical property

State: silvery white rare earth metal.

Melting point (℃) : 1312
Boiling point (℃) : 3266
Density (g/cc, 300 K) : 7.895


Than hot/J/gK: 0.23
Evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 359.4
Melting hot/KJ/mol: 10.05


Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.00736
Coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.106

Geological data

abundance
Retention time/year: 300

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 13.2 sea/P.P.M. :
The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 7.7 the Atlantic ocean surface: 5.2 x 10-seven Pacific surface: 6.0 x 10-seven
Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : the Atlantic ocean depths: 9.3 x 10-seven deep in the Pacific: 15 x 10-seven

Biology data

Content in the human body
Liver/P.P.M. :
Organs: unknown, but very low. Muscle/P.P.M. :
Blood/mg dm-3: th intake/mg: unknown
Bone/P.P.M. : people (70 Kg) are total body/mg: unknown, but very low.

Detailed information

Gadolinium/Gd