Category

Copper

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 1.57 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 7.1 covalent radius/A: 1.17

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d10 s1 ion radius/A: 0.73 oxidation state: 2, 1

Discovery

Ancient times already know.

Source

Pure copper rarely exist in nature and the mineral has usually have: blue copper, malachite, porphyry copper deposit, sulfide ore are: chalcopyrite (CuFeS2), coveline (CuS) and hui copper (Cu2S), the oxide ore are: ChiTongKuang (Cu2O).

Element USES

Use very extensive, used for alloy, wires, statues, the coin of casting, and so on.

physical property

Status: the red orange transition metal. Melting point (℃) : 1084.6 the boiling point (℃) : 2567 density (g/cc, 300 K) : 8.96

Than hot/J/gK: 0.38 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 300.3 melting hot/KJ/mol: 13.05

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.596 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 4.01

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 3000

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 1.15 x 104 sea/P.P.M.

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 50 the Atlantic ocean surface: 8.0 x 10-5 Pacific surface: 8.0 x 10-5

Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : the Atlantic ocean depths: 12 x 10-5 deep in the Pacific: 28 x 10-5

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 30

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 10

Blood/mg dm-3:1.01 days intake/mg: 0.50-6

Bone/P.P.M. : 1-26 people (70 Kg) are total body/mg: 72

Detailed information

Copper/Cu