Category

Aluminum

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 1.82 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 10 covalent radius/A: 1.18

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 s2p1 s2 s2p6 ion radius/A: 0.535 oxidation state: 3

Discovery

1825 in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Hans Christian Oersted found.

Source

The most abundant in the crust of metal (8%), usually don't exist in the free state with the nature, electrolytic aluminium alumina and get by.

Element USES

Manufacturing kitchen appliances, building decoration, power transmission, also is used to make airplane, rocket, etc.

physical property

State: silver, light weight, the magnetic malleable metal melting point (℃) : 660.25 the boiling point (℃) : 2467 density (g/cc, 300 K) : 2.702

Than hot/J/gK: 0.9 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 293.4 melting hot/KJ/mol: 10.79

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.377 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 2.37

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 150

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 3.3 x 10-6 sea/P.P.M.

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 82 000 the Atlantic ocean surface: 9.7 x 10-4 Pacific surface: 1.3 x 10-4

Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : zero the Atlantic ocean depths: 5.2 x 10-4 deep in the Pacific: 0.13 x 10-4

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 3-23

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 0.7-28

Blood/mg dm-3:0.39 days intake/mg: 2.45

Bone/P.P.M. : 4-27 (70 Kg) are total body/mg: 60

Detailed information

Al