Category

Vanadium

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 1.92 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 8.78 covalent radius/A: 1.22

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d3 s2 ion radius/A: 0.59 oxidation state: 5, 3

Discovery

In 1801, the A.M. del Rio (Mexico City, Mexico) found that, in 1831, by N.G. Selfstrom (Falun, Sweden) to find again.

Source

With green sulfur minerals vanadium stone (patronite, VS4), vanadium lead {vanadinite [Pb5 (VO4) 3 Cl]}, and vanadium price uranium {carnotite [K2 (UO2) 2 (VO4) 2.3 H2O]} exist in nature.

Element USES

And other metal mixed get very hard, durable alloys, used in construction materials, tools and engine manufacturing.

physical property

State: silvery white metal. Melting point (℃) : 1902 boiling point (℃) : 3409 density (g/cc, 300 K) : 6.11

Than hot/J/gK: 0.49 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 0.452 melting hot/KJ/mol: 20.9

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.0489 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.307

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 50000

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 1.05 x 104 sea/P.P.M.

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : the Atlantic ocean surface: 1.1 x 10-3 Pacific surface: 1.6 x 10-3

Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : the Atlantic ocean depths: deep in the Pacific: 1.8 x 10-3

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 0.006

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 0.02

Blood/mg dm-3: < 0.0002, 0.04 mg/intake

Bone/P.P.M. : 0.0035 (70 Kg) are total body/mg: 0.11

Detailed information

Vanadium/V