Category

Scandium

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 2.09 atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 15 covalent radius/A: 1.44

Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 4 s2p6 s2 s2p6d1 s2 ion radius/A: 0.745 oxidation state: 3

Discovery

By 1879 L.F. Nilson (Sweden, uppsala) found.

Source

Main thortveitile and wiikite exist in mineral, in some tin, tungsten mine also contains metal.

Element USES

For leak detector, the aerospace industry, materials, seed germination agent.

physical property

State: soft silvery metal. Melting point (℃) : 1539 boiling point (℃) : 2831 density (g/cc, 300 K) : 2.99

Than hot/J/gK: 0.6 evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 314.2 melting hot/KJ/mol: 14.1

Conductive rate / 106 / cm: 0.0177 coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.158

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 5000

The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 1100 P.P.M/in sea water.

The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 16 the Atlantic ocean surface: 6.1 x 10-seven Pacific surface: 3.5 x 10-seven

Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : the Atlantic ocean depths: 8.8 x 10-seven deep in the Pacific: 7.9 x 10-seven

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. :

Organs: muscle/P.P.M. :

Blood/mg dm-3 c 0.008 days intake/mg: c 0.00005

Bone/P.P.M. : people (70 Kg) are total body/mg: c 0.2

Detailed information

Scandium/Sc