Category

Chlorine

Catalogue

Atomic structure
Discovery
Source
Element USES
physical property
Chemical property
Geological data
Biology data

Atomic structure

Atomic radius/A: 0.97
Atomic volume/cm3 / mol: 22.7
Covalent radius/A: 0.99
Electronic configuration: 1 2 3 s2p5 s2p6 s2
Ion radius/A: 1.81
Oxidation state: degree is obtai,3,5,7

Discovery


1774 in Sweden, uppsala, by the C.W. Scheele found.

Source

Nature has no free state of chlorine, usually in the form of salt (NaCl) exists.

Element USES

Purification of water, bleaching, chlorinated hydrocarbon manufacturing.

physical property

State: yellow-green halogen gas.
Melting point (℃) : 100.84
Boiling point (℃) : 33.9
Density (g/L, 273 K, 1 ATM) : 3.214
Than hot/J/gK: 0.48
Evaporation heat/KJ/mol: 10.2
Melting hot/KJ/mol: 3.203
Conductive rate / 106 / cm:
Coefficient of thermal conductivity/W/cmK: 0.000089

Geological data

Abundance retention time/year: 4 by 108
The sun (relative to the H = 1 x 1012) : 3.2 x 105 sea/P.P.M. 18000
The earth's crust/P.P.M. : 130
Atmospheric/P.P.M. (volume) : trace

Biology data

The human body the content in liver/P.P.M. : 3000-7200 (chloride)
Organs: muscle/P.P.M. : 2000-5200 (chloride)
Blood/mg dm-3:2890 (chloride) day intake/g: 3.00-6.50
Bone/P.P.M. : 900 (chloride) (70 Kg) are total body/g: 95

Detailed information

Chlorine